Monday, 2 May 2022

Energy chief Granholm touts $3B plan to boost EV batteries


WASHINGTON (AP) — Continuing its push to dramatically boost sales of electric vehicles, the Biden administration on Monday announced $3.1 billion in funding to U.S. companies that make and recycle lithium-ion batteries.

The investments from last year’s $1 trillion infrastructure law are separate from an executive order President Joe Biden issued this spring, invoking the Defense Production Act boost production of lithium and other critical minerals used to power electric vehicles.

Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm said the new program will offer grants to companies that process or recycle battery components to increase domestic supplies of a market now dominated by China and other countries. The grants will help strengthen U.S. energy independence and support Biden’s goal to have electric vehicles make up half of all vehicles sales in America by 2030, she said.

Electric vehicles accounted for 4.2% of U.S. new vehicle sales in the first quarter of this year, according to according to

“Positioning the United States front and center in meeting the growing demand for advanced batteries is how we boost our competitiveness and electrify our transportation system,” Granholm said in a statement.

Granholm, a former Michigan governor, announced the battery initiative during a visit to her home state to highlight clean-energy provisions in the bipartisan infrastructure law Biden signed in November.

The grant program “will give our domestic supply chain the jolt it needs to become more secure and less reliant on other nations,” while creating good-paying jobs and reducing planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions, she said.

“We need a lot of batteries. And we want American workers making those batteries right here in America,” added Gina McCarthy, Biden’s climate adviser, at a separate briefing Monday at the White House.

The $3 billion will be allocated as grants to as many as 30 companies, officials said, and represents nearly half of $7 billion approved under the infrastructure law to improve the domestic battery supply chain.

Companies will be required to match grants on a 50-50 basis, with a minimum $50 million investment, the Energy Department said. The money will go to companies that can create new, retrofitted or expanded processing facilities as well as battery recycling programs, the department said.

The focus on battery processing and recycling is part of a broader effort by Biden to shift the country away from gas-powered cars to electric vehicles and combat climate change.

A March 31 executive order intended to increase mining of lithium and other critical minerals does not waive or suspend existing environmental and labor standards, the White House said. Nor does it address the chief hurdle to increased domestic mining: the years-long process needed to obtain a federal permit for a new mine.

Even so, the mining industry and supporters in Congress cheered Biden’s use of the Defense Production Act.

Rich Nolan, president and CEO of the National Mining Association, called it a historic step by the White House to “recognize the critical importance of minerals and push to electrify the car industry.″

But unless the administration also moves to speed approvals of new hardrock mines, “we risk feeding the minerals dominance of geopolitical rivals″ such as China and Russia, Nolan said.

As of March 31, more than 2.5 million plug-in electric vehicles have been sold in America, with more than 800,000 of those having been sold since Biden took office, the Energy Department said. Battery costs have fallen more than 90% since 2008, while performance has increased.

“Responsible and sustainable domestic sourcing of the critical materials used to make lithium-ion batteries — such as lithium, cobalt, nickel, and graphite — will help avoid or mitigate supply chain disruptions and accelerate battery production in America to meet this demand and support the adoption of electric vehicles,” the department said in a statement.

“The future of mobility is electric,” Sen. Gary Peters, D-Mich., said in a statement. The Energy Department initiative “could help to ensure Michigan remains on the forefront of innovation by shoring up our supply chains for advanced battery technologies necessary to deploy the next all-electric fleet,” Peters added.

The infrastructure law should decrease U.S. dependence on foreign producers such as China for these critical technologies “and help our automakers meet the growing demand for cleaner, safer cars,” Peters said.


Associated Press writer Tom Krisher in Detroit contributed to this story.

Copyright © 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

Monday, 25 April 2022

GM reveals first images of the EV Chevy Corvette

2020 Corvette Steering Wheel

The great American sports car is going electric. General Motors President Mark Reuss shared the news this morning, and released the first images of the upcoming electric Chevrolet Corvette. He says the vehicle could be available for sale as soon as “early next year.” And the electrification of the Corvette is the least exciting part of the announcement: The video clearly shows the front tires are powered, meaning only one thing: The Corvette is going all-wheel drive.

Chevy appears to be building for an AWD future. Automotive rumors peg the unannounced, high-performance Corvette C8 Z06 to sport AWD, and the video here all but confirms the arrangement in the EV version, too. It appears that the EV Corvette will be based on the existing mid-engine Corvette platform, which leaves plenty of room in the front and back for motors on each axle. With internal combustion affairs, vehicles require significant retrofitting to make room for all-wheel drive’s extra driveshafts and differentials. With EVs, it just takes another motor and some computer programming.

According to Reuss, the electric Corvette utilizes GM’s Ultium platform, which is underpinning numerous upcoming GM EVs, including the Hummer EV, Silverado EV and Blazer EV.

General Motors has been quiet about replacing the Corvette’s small block with batteries and motors. The first murmurs of the vehicle came several years back when GM moved the Corvette team into EV building in Warren, Michigan. And today’s announcement doesn’t shed a lot of light onto the subject either. GM did not release expected price point, battery range or 0-60 mph times.

Corvette faithful knew this day was coming. The Corvette is the quintessential American sports car, and since nearly the beginning, a small block Chevy V8 has been its beating heart. An electric Corvette will, of course, lack the comforting rumble of a V8, but the electric motors will no doubt make up for it with explosive performance — especially if it comes equipped with motors on each axle.

Sunday, 24 April 2022

High gas prices pump up demand for electric vehicles


One way to avoid the pain at the pump is to never have to go there. Katie Mitchell bought an electric car in January, and says she's now saving hundreds of dollars a month by charging up instead of filling up.

When she watched gas prices skyrocket in recent months, she said she felt "lucky" and "grateful."

"It's one of the things that I give thanks for," she said of her decision.

CBS News poll found 59% of Americans would or might consider buying an electric vehicle. Those who would cited the environment and high gas prices as their top reasons.

But a lot of the electric models that automakers keep announcing are not yet available, and a looming battery shortage could pump the brakes even more. Tesla is the electric vehicle market leader, but the waiting list for its cars is several months long.

"People are begging for a better, less fuel intensive way to drive to be divorced of fuel pump prices, and yet finding any new car — let alone a model that's electric — is so hard right now," Brian Cooley, editor at large for CNET, told CBS News.

The CEO of electric vehicle automaker Rivian, which is struggling to deliver its new vehicles, warned this could be worse than the current chip shortage as demand for the materials inside the batteries — specifically lithium —  skyrockets.

The U.S. has just one lithium-producing mine in southern Nevada, providing less than 2% of the world's supply.

Wednesday, 6 April 2022

High gas prices increase demand for electric cars and charging stations


SANTA BARBARA, Calif. – Soaring prices at gas stations are driving up the demand for electric car purchases.

Drivers say more charging stations will be needed down the road.

Apps help electric car owners find charging stations during road trips.

Popular charging locations for locals and tourists include the Camino Real Marketplace in Goleta.

The Rosewood Miramar in Montecito also has a row of chargers for Tesla, and new ones appear ready to charge by the Bank of America on upper State Street.

There are also chargers at rest stops along the coast.

On weekends they often have to wait their turn in Goleta.

Nanny Navarro said, "The weekend it is packed here it is, it is hard to get a spot."

Her brother Giovanni Comin owns two types of electric cars and prefers his Tesla and Tesla charging station.

"The non Tesla charging is still as little more rudimentary, and kind of a little more difficult to get the hang of Tesla got it pretty  dialed," said Comin.

Charging usually takes less than half-an-hour, giving drivers enough time to pick up coffee or take out.

A full charge often costs less than a quarter tank of gas, but owners can be charged by the minute if they leave their car too long in a location that has drivers waiting.

Sabine Corsiglia drove to Goleta from the Bay Area on a single charge.

"I just plug in my destination and it gives me the closest time that I will need to get charged."

Some electric car owners are 

like walking or in this case driving advertisements

.There is no maintenance, no oil changes."

While he charges the car, he said he can use his steering wheel to play driving video games.

"It is fun for kids you know, or adults, there is a lot of stuff to do. You have a computer right in front of you."

Some drivers are able to use the money they savings on fuel to pay off their electric vehicles

We’re Not Even Close to EVs Being as Cheap as Gas Cars, Mercedes Says


Photo credit: TOBIAS SCHWARZ/Getty

The electric vehicle industry has seen a massive transformation over the last decade, in no small part thanks to massive reductions in the cost of large lithium-ion battery packs. Yet there’s still a significant initial cost penalty to a battery-electric vehicle over an internal combustion car. According to Mercedes’ Chief Technology Officer, that’s not going away anytime soon. In fact, EVs may not get much cheaper at all over the next few years.

“Coming to [a battery price of] 50 U.S. dollars per kilowatt, which would lead to comparable cost basis to an I.C.E. engine, I would say this is far out there,” Mercedes CTO Markus Schäfer told Road & Track. “I don’t see that with the chemistry that we have today.”

Photo credit: Nissan
Photo credit: Nissan

Reaching so-called “price parity,” Schäfer said, just isn’t possible with any current commercially available battery technology. The kind of affordable, high-density batteries required to make it possible either don’t exist or only exist in tightly-controlled lab settings. Even once we know which one will work, adapting it for the automotive industry—with its high volumes and extremely challenging durability requirements—will be a years-long process. While we wait for a breakthrough, Schäfer says they can’t promise that EVs will get any cheaper in the near term.

Photo credit: STR
Photo credit: STR

“It’s a crystal ball thing to answer. And it will very much depend on mining capacity [for raw materials] and the global ramp-up of EVs. So these are the two main factors,” he said. “But I would say, for quite a while we will see headwinds on the raw material side.”

While increasing demand for large battery packs has helped through manufacturing advancements and economies of scale, it’s this scale that is now posing a large challenge. Thanks to both the increasing popularity of EVs and continued growth in consumer electronics, the demand for lithium batteries is on pace to far outstrip the capacity of current rare-earth metal mines. Earth has more deposits of lithium, but bringing mines online is complicated and expensive. As of now, analysts don’t expect the lithium shortage to be over by mid-decade.

“So the anticipated decrease well below 100 US dollars or Euros per kilowatt, that might take longer,” Schäfer said. “The chemistry, honestly, if we’re staying with the ingredients we have today ... there’s not that breakthrough foreseeable.”

Wednesday, 16 March 2022

Starbucks, Volvo to pilot EV charging stations


Coffee giant Starbucks is partnering with Volvo Cars to install electric vehicle charging stations at Starbucks locations across five states.

The companies on Tuesday announced they are collaborating on a pilot program to install as many as 60 Volvo-branded, ChargePoint DC fast chargers at up to 15 Starbucks stores along a 1,350-mile route between Denver and Seattle, where Starbucks' headquarters is located.

The pilot is a test to understand the usage and potential scalability of EV charging stations at the coffee chains stores, as Starbucks looks to expand its roster of renewable energy and decarbonization projects to meet its goal to cut its emissions by 50 percent by 2030.

"Volvo Cars wants to give people the freedom to move and lower their impact on the environment," Anders Gustafsson, Senior Vice President Americas and President and CEO of Volvo Car USA, said in a statement. "Working with Starbucks we can do that by giving them enjoyable places to relax while their cars recharge."

The project includes plans to put a charging station about every 100 miles along the route, which Volvo notes is "well within the battery range of most electric vehicles."

Those who own Volvo EVs will be able to charge their vehicles for free while all other EV owners will have to pay a fee to use the stations.

According to Volvo, ChargePoint's fast chargers can charge a vehicle's battery from 20 percent to 90 percent in about 40 minutes.

The pilot is expected to kick off this summer and will be completed by the end of the year.

The partnership comes as the auto industry is making big investments to shift from traditional combustion engines to battery-powered EVs amid increasing pressure by governments and regulators to reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions.

Tuesday, 8 February 2022

Baidu and automaker Geely put nearly $400 million more into their electric car venture


BEIJING — Chinese tech company Baidu and auto manufacturer Geely are putting more money into the electric car venture Jidu that they partnered on just about a year ago.

Both companies announced Wednesday they are putting nearly $400 million into Jidu in a Series A financing round. The capital injection comes less than a year after Jidu was launched in March 2021 with $300 million in initial capital from undisclosed investors.

Baidu has majority ownership of Jidu, with a 55% share of the company, while Geely has a 45% stake, according to records accessed through Wind Information. Both companies declined to share how much each contributed to the latest funding round.

The money will fund research and development and mass production, according to Jidu.

Global dealmaking in electric vehicles has surged in the last two years as companies rush to develop cars that analysts expect will soon replace combustion-engine ones. The Chinese government has been particularly supportive of the domestic industry’s growth, helping spur the rise of many start-up.

Electric vehicle deals in China tripled in value to $6.61 billion in 2021 from $2.17 billion in 2020, according to Dealogic. Electric vehicle deals in the U.S. more than doubled to $924 million last year from $353 million in value in 2020, the data showed.

Baidu announced in January 2021 it planned to launch Jidu with Geely as a strategic partner and later named Xia Yiping, co-founder of bike sharing start-up Mobike, as CEO of the electric car company.

In 2010, China-based Geely acquired Swedish auto brand Volvo, which previously belonged to Ford Motor

Geely operates a number of electric vehicle brands — on its own or through joint ventures with Volvo — from Zeekr to the high-end Polestar.

Jidu’s first car is set to begin mass production and deliveries in 2023, according to Baidu.

Baidu’s venture into electric vehicles is part of CEO Robin Li’s push to diversify the company’s business away from advertising into new growth areas including autonomous driving and artificial intelligence.

Tuesday, 1 February 2022

Ford to make new investment of up to $20 billion in EV


Reuters) -Ford Motor Co is planning additional investment of up to $20 billion in building its electric vehicles, Bloomberg News reported on Tuesday.

The investment of $10 billion to $20 billion will be spread out over the next five to ten years and will include converting its present factories around the world to electric-vehicle production, 

Under a plan dubbed "Ford+" meant to have investors value it more like a technology company, the No. 2 U.S. automaker had already pledged to spend over $30 billion on EVs, including battery development, by 2030.

The latest push is being led by a former Apple Inc and Tesla executive, the report said. Doug Field, an Apple veteran who had worked at Tesla, joined Ford last year to lead the automaker's advanced technology and embedded systems efforts.

Major automakers from General Motors Co, Ford and Volvo Cars are swiftly making changes to take their piece of the pie in a competitive EV space and fight against electric car challenger Tesla Inc.

The report added Ford has evaluated spinning off a small portion of its EV business as a part of the reorganization, to capture value in an electric startup environment boosted by investor sentiment.

The new plan also includes hiring an unspecified number of engineers to work on concepts such as battery chemistry, artificial intelligence and EV software, the report said, indicating the rising importance of software and digital connectivity in the auto industry.

"We're carrying out our ambitious Ford+ plan to transform the company and thrive in the new era of connected, electric vehicles," the company's spokesman said, adding they do not comment on rumors and speculations.


Tuesday, 25 January 2022

GM to invest historic $7 billion in 4 facilities across Michigan, creating 4,000 jobs


GM calls it the "single largest investment announcement in GM history," saying the move will create 4,000 jobs and retain 1,000 others.

Economists say that, in turn, will create thousands more ancillary jobs. GM currently employs 50,631 people in Michigan.

GMC Hummer EV pickup sits on display before U.S. President Joe Biden speaks at the grand opening of GM's Detroit-Hamtramck EV Factory Zero on Nov. 17, 2021.  The president added $7.5 billion to create new electric vehicle charging stations as part of his infrastructure package recently passed by Congress and signed into law on Monday.

“We are building on the positive consumer response and reservations for our recent EV launches and debuts, including GMC Hummer EV, Cadillac Lyriq, Chevrolet Equinox EV and Chevrolet Silverado EV," said GM CEO Mary Barra in a statement. "Our plan creates the broadest EV portfolio of any automaker and further solidifies our path toward U.S. EV leadership by mid-decade.”

As part of Tuesday's announcement, GM said Orion Assembly, along with Factory ZERO in Detroit and Hamtramck, will manufacture the 2024 Silverado EV and GMC Sierra EV pickups.

GM also said it is working to build a new, more reliable supply chain through strategic supplier agreements for batteries and EV components. It is expected to be scalable, more resilient, more sustainable and more North American focused. Global supply chain issues have hampered GM and other automakers throughout the pandemic.

Michigan wins

Orion Assembly and the new battery cell plant will support total production of 600,000 full-size electric pickups when both Factory ZERO and Orion are fully producing in a few years, said GM President Mark Reuss, adding there will be "operational upside at both plants. Look for us to keep growing the capacity at Factory ZERO as well."

That's huge considering the state recently lost out on Ford Motor Co.'s $11 billion investment to build several new plants, including battery factories and an EV assembly plant, in Kentucky and Tennessee. That investment will create 11,000 jobs.

Reuss said GM's investment in Michigan made sense because GM has many long-standing partnerships with suppliers based in the state and GM worked with local governments for various financial incentives.

The announcement from GM came on the same day the Michigan Strategic Fund approved a series of incentives that total about $824 million to build the battery plant and expand Orion Assembly plant.

"This news is great for us and for Michigan, the epicenter of where we’re developing EVs," Reuss said. "Michigan will be the recognized hub of innovation in the U.S. for EV development and EV manufacturing.”

Barra said the investment would not have been possible without support from Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, the state Legislature, Orion Township, the City of Lansing, Delta Township and "our collaboration with the UAW and LG Energy Solution."

GM will save tens of millions of dollars by integrating its battery assembly into its EV production and converting existing assembly plants, Reuss said.

GM aims to have more than 1 million units of EV capacity in North America by the end of 2025 and to convert half of its North American assembly capacity to EV production by 2030.

Ultium Cells Lansing

Ultium Cells LLC, GM's joint-venture with battery maker LG Energy Solution, will spend $2.6 billion to build a new battery cell plant in Lansing on 590 acres adjacent to GM's Lansing Delta Township Assembly plant.

The acreage is inside the boundaries of Delta Township but would be conditionally transferred to the City of Lansing because only the city, and not the township, can offer GM a tax-exempt renaissance zone, Bob Trezise, president and CEO of the Lansing Economic Area Partnership, told the Free Press in a previous interview.

The plant, to be called Ultium Cells Lansing, will create more than 1,700 new Ultium Cells jobs when it is fully operational, Reuss said. Site preparations will begin this summer and battery cell production is scheduled to begin in late 2024.

It will supply battery cells to Orion Assembly and other GM assembly plants, Reuss said.

Ultium Cells is currently finishing construction on a new EV battery plant in Lordstown, Ohio, that will start running this year and create 1,100 new jobs in the area where GM closed its former Lordstown Assembly plant in 2019.

Ironworkers at Ultium Cells LLC's battery cell manufacturing facility mark a construction milestone Friday, Feb. 19, 2021 with the final beam installation at what will soon be a 2.8-million-square-foot operation in Lordstown, Ohio. It is a joint venture between GM and LG Chem that will make Ultium battery cells for EVsicles and create more than 1,100 new high-tech jobs.

Ultium Cells is building another battery plant in Spring Hill, Tennessee, to open next year. Each plant costs about $2.3 billion. The company plans to build a fourth battery plant in the U.S. but the location is yet to be announced. Reuss said as EV adoption grows, more battery plants could be added.

“If you look at where we put other cell plants, Lordstown and Spring Hill, of course we look at other states where we have assembly plants," Reuss said. "But we have a vested interest here in Michigan.”

Because the Ultium plants are a joint-venture, the UAW will have to organize the plants and negotiate a separate contract from the national agreement it has with GM at GM's assembly, parts and engine facilities.

A joint statement from UAW President Ray Curry and Terry Dittes, UAW vice president and director of the UAW GM Department, said GM’s commitment creates a strong future for UAW members, their families and communities.

“For UAW Local 5960 Lake Orion the planned new products and advanced electric vehicle retooling builds on their plant's history as a cutting edge manufacturing facility with a highly skilled and experienced EV workforce,” the statement said. “For UAW members at the GM Lansing Delta Township and Lansing Grand River Assembly plants the investments are commitments to continue and expand into new technologies as the industry transitions.”

In regard to the new Ultium factory, Curry and Dittes said the union “stands ready to welcome new members as Michigan becomes a center of electric vehicle manufacturing.”

Orion Assembly

GM will also convert Orion Assembly to build the 2024 Chevrolet Silverado EV, which GM revealed earlier this month, and the electric GMC Sierra pickup, which GM has yet to reveal.

Two UAW workers at GM's Orion Assembly plant where GM builds its Bolt EV and the self-driving test cars.
Two UAW workers at GM's Orion Assembly plant where GM builds its Bolt EV and the self-driving test cars.

Orion Assembly will be GM's second assembly plant tagged to build full-size electric pickups. Factory ZERO in Detroit and Hamtramck started building the 2022 GMC Hummer pickup late last year.

Here are the plants GM has designated to build EVs to date:

  • Factory ZERO to build GMC Hummer EV pickup, Hummer SUV, Silverado EV, Sierra EV and Cruise Origin self-driving EV.

  • Spring Hill Assembly in Spring Hill, Tennessee to build 2023 Cadillac Lyriq SUV.

  • Orion Assembly to build the Bolt, Bolt EUV, Silverado EV and Sierra EV pickups.

  • Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico, to build 2023 model year EVs.

  • CAMI in Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada for commercial electric vans.

The Orion expansion will create 2,350 jobs and retain 1,000 jobs, Reuss said.

One week ago, GM got a big tax break in Orion Township, located about 40 miles north of Detroit, to expand the assembly plant where GM presently makes the Chevrolet Bolt EV and Bolt EUV.

A property tax abatement is basically a subsidy that lowers the cost of owning property by reducing or eliminating the taxes a company pays on it.

GM said it plans to start the Orion plant expansion in July and finish the construction by December 2025.

GM employs about 1,200 people at Orion Assembly, most of whom are hourly union members. The plant has been mostly idle since last summer and it will remain down through February as GM addresses a global recall on 2017-22 model year Bolts that may contain defective batteries that could start a fire.

Greater Lansing economy

In addition to the EV-related investments, GM is investing $510 million in Lansing Delta Township Assembly and Lansing Grand River Assembly plants to upgrade their production capabilities.

The employee parking lot at the General Motors Lansing Delta Township plant on Thursday, Sept. 16, 2021, in Lansing.
The employee parking lot at the General Motors Lansing Delta Township plant on Thursday, Sept. 16, 2021, in Lansing.

The investments and new GM plant will be a welcome respite to Lansing area businesses, which last year were hit hard when GM had to idle its facilities for months at Lansing Delta Assembly and Lansing Regional Stamping plants due to the global semiconductor chip shortage that continues to disrupt new-car production across the industry.

Delta Assembly builds the Buick Enclave and Chevrolet Traverse SUVs and the new investment will retool the facility for production of the next-generation Traverse and Enclave.

The plants' workforce of 2,700 people were laid off starting July 19 and did not resume work until the week of Oct. 4. The impact was felt in nearby businesses, especially Tony M's restaurant, less than a mile from the plant, where workers would regularly eat breakfast, lunch or dinner at the eatery. It even delivered meals to the plants.

"Our revenue is down 40%," Stefan Farrell, owner of Tony M’s, said last September. He was forced to lay off 20 of his 39 employees and reduce his business hours.

Stefan Farrell, owner of Tony M's Restaurant, on Thursday, Sept. 16, 2021, at his business in Lansing. Farrell says business has been down by 40% since GM idled the Lansing Delta Township Assembly plant on July 19.

GM's Lansing Grand River, where about 1,600 workers make the Chevy Camaro, Cadillac CT4 and CT5 sports cars, experienced periodic production disruptions starting in mid-March through early October. GM's investment there will pay for various plant upgrades, GM said.

Jobs, jobs, jobs

The new battery plant and the Orion expansion are key to Michigan's economic growth across all sectors, said Patrick Anderson, CEO of East Lansing-based Anderson Economic Group.

"The majority of jobs are from small businesses and entrepreneurs making decisions where there is no state government policy and local government tax incentive available," Anderson said. "For those, we need to have a good business climate and a culture that encourages people to live and work in Michigan."

Corinne Peltier, who runs the WorkFit program, gives advice about lifting parts with Dianne Henderson, 66, a line worker at the General Motors Lansing Delta Township Assembly Plant in Delta Township, Michigan on Thursday, January 16, 2020.

For each full-time new job created at a factory, typically two more jobs are created elsewhere in the state in relation to the plant, Anderson said.

"It is a big multiplier effect that is related to those bona fide, new full-time jobs," Anderson said.

Then building the plants requires jobs in construction, where there is presently a shortage of workers, meaning high wages, Anderson said.

"It’ll be overtime work and extra pay and importing workers from other states to get that work done," Anderson said. "That’s a positive because some of these workers will stay here."

They will also spend money at local restaurants and other businesses while working here.

Why Michigan?

Last month, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer and state lawmakers enacted a new $1 billion fund to attract new plants, which Anderson said helped make an attractive business case for GM.

Beyond that, there are three reasons why Michigan had a better shot at a major EV investment from GM than it did for Ford, Anderson said.

First, GM already has three big plants able to adjust to EV production, including battery assembly: Orion, Delta Township and Factory ZERO.

Second, the Delta plant has the large adjacent land area, and the logistics connections by rail and highway, necessary for this kind of investment, Anderson said.

Finally, putting EV-oriented manufacturing capacity at Delta Township proves GM is serious about putting electric drivetrains into a wide range of vehicles, Anderson said. He noted that about 80% of EVs sold in America are luxury sedans, but the majority of gasoline-powered vehicles sold are SUVs, pickups, sports cars and non-luxury sedans and coupes.

"Obviously, if EVs are going to be successful, they have to be at the price point and functionality that most Americans want," Anderson said. "The investments by GM and Ford are huge, and the risks involved are high. Tax incentives might help attract a plant, but the value proposition has to be there for the investment itself.“

Win some, lose some...

GM's investment in Orion Township and Lansing is also significant because Michigan almost lost another plant.

In November, President Joe Biden came to GM's grand opening of Factory ZERO where GM spent $2.2 billion to retool it to build the electric Hummer. It will also build in the future: the 2023 Hummer SUV EV, the Cruise Origin all-electric self-driving car and the 2024 Silverado EV. It currently employs about 360 people, but GM has said it will eventually employ 2,200 workers.

President Joe Biden waves to a crowd gathered at General Motors Factory ZERO in Detroit and Hamtramck as he and GM CEO Mary Barra get in a 2022 GMC Hummer EV to do a test drive on Nov. 17, 2021.

Factory ZERO, previously called Detroit Hamtramck Assembly, almost didn't exist.

In 2018, GM said it would permanently idle five factories in North America. Detroit Hamtramck was one of them, but in its 2019 labor negotiations with the UAW amid a 40-day national strike, GM agreed to retool the plant to make EVs.

Warren Transmission plant, located at Mound and Nine Mile roads, wasn't so lucky. The plant's last regular production day was in 2019, although it reopened the following year to make medical face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Last month, GM sold the 117-acre property that once housed Warren Transmission plant, to Kansas City-based Northpoint Development. Northpoint looks to build 2 million square feet of new facility there that could result in $152 million in new development and up to 600 new jobs.

GM is also spending $2 billion to convert its Spring Hill Assembly plant in Tennessee to make the 2023 Cadillac Lyriq SUV. GM builds the Cadillac XT5 and XT6 SUVs and the GMC Acadia SUV at Spring Hill. It also makes a variety of engines used across GM's lineup.

Spring Hill Assembly will continue to make the XT5 and XT6 plus the electric Lyriq, but the GMC Acadia production moves to Lansing Delta Township Assembly.